Of Rome and its emperors

Of Rome and its emperors

Beard begins the book in fine style at a dinner ruled over by the almost-forgotten Elagabalus, who fed his guests fake food of wax and glass, and released tame lions, leopards and bears to wander among them as they slept off their hangovers.

Not much more is known about him. He came to the throne at 14, asphyxiated his guests in clouds of flower petals at another dinner and collected thousands of shoes before he was assassinated at 18.

The details in her book are startling, colourful and always meaningful. She takes us from Augustus tearing out the eyes of a soldier to the flimsy claim by Vespasian that the divine power of his spit gave sight to a blind man. She debunks myths such as Nero fiddling while Rome burnt or that Commodus took potshots at the audience in the Colosseum with a bow and arrow.

Telling the stories of all these emperors was not easy. “They’re all much more similar than they are different.” From Augustus and the fall of the Republic, for more than 200 years nothing changed in the way Rome was governed.

“The system of one-man rule was never challenged,” she says. “They remained in power because people were prepared to accept them.”

The parallels with autocracies growing in our world today are worth considering. “It’s about power without limits. All autocracy is about smoke and mirrors. Dictators survive because we let them.”

We can learn from the Romans. “They did provide the world with a way of talking about power. Civic rights are very much a Roman notion. One of the best critiques of imperialism is Tacitus from the second century AD. He puts words into the mouth of a British freedom fighter: ‘The Romans make a desert and call it peace.’”

She believes understanding and reinterpreting the legacy of Rome and its emperors is something that will enrich all our lives. “You will see different connections and make a contribution, maybe more interesting from the fact that you’re not part of the old white, western tradition of the classics. I’m hoping there are people on the continent of Africa who can tell me a thing or two about the Romans and what they see, or why I am too narrow in my view.”

This journey is her calling. As she learnt at the age of five. “That you could be that close, no glass separating you. Since then, that’s what I’ve tried to do — open cases for other people and bring the past to life, and to let people share the experience and the pleasure I’ve had.”

Original Story by www.timeslive.co.za


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